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白炭黑的生产方法有哪些

双击自动滚屏 发布时间:2016/4/17 阅读:1100次 【字体:

白炭黑的生产方法有哪些?

BAITANHEISHUWUJITIANCHONGJI,BAITANHEISHUWUJITIANCHONGJI,QIFENZISHIWEISiO2·nH2O,YOUYUSHIBAISE,YOUJUYOUTANHEIDEBUQIANGXINGNENG,SUOYICHENGZUOBAITANHEI。RENMENCENGJIANGBAISEBUQIANGJIDOUDINGYIWEIBAITANHEI,XIANZAISUOZHIDEBAITANHEIZHUANZHIJIXILIZIDEGUISUAN、GUISUANYANBAISEBUQIANGJI。BAITANHEIZAIXIANGJIAOGONGYEZHONGZHUYAOYONGZUOBUQIANGJIHUOGAIXINGJI,YUTANHEIXIANGBI,QILIZIXI、BIBIAOMIANJIDA,JUYOUDUOKONGXING,BUQIANGXIAOGUOJINCIYUTANHEI,DANYOUYUQITARENHEBAISEBUQIANGJI。

白炭黑能赋予胶料极好的拉伸强度、撕裂强度、良好的耐屈挠性和刚性。利用一些新工艺和配合技术,如热混炼化学促进工艺、与炭黑并用,人为调节白炭黑的表面活性、偶联剂的应用和适宜的配方等,可以获得性能优越的天然橡胶和各种合成橡胶制品,并可改清一色黑色橡胶制品为透明的或色泽鲜艳的高质量制品。

白炭黑为具有高耐低温、良好的电绝缘性能、生理惰性等优越性能的硅橡胶开辟了更加广阔的发展前景。硅橡胶在发展初期,物理机械性能极低劣,现在已成为应用广泛的工业制品,这与白炭黑的应用和发展是密不可分的。

ZAOZAI1936NIANQIANSULIANSHOUXIANYANZHIYONGYUXIANGJIAOBUQIANGDEBAITANHEIYANZHIBAITANHEI,BUJINJIEJUELETANHEIDEBUZU,ERQIESHIXIANLEBAITANHEIDEGONGYEHUASHENGCHAN。MEIGUO1940NIANKAISHISHENGCHANBAITANHEI。20SHIJI40NIANDAIHOUQIKAISHI,BAITANHEIDESHENGCHANLUXUZAIGEGUODEDAOFAZHAN,BINGDUIQIXINGNENGHEYINGYONGDENGKAIZHANLEHENDUOYANJIUGONGZUO。ZAIXINZHONGGUOCHENGLIYIQIANWOGUODUIBAITANHEIDEYANFAWANQUANSHIKONGBAI,XINZHONGGUOCHENGLIYIHOUCAIZHUBUJIANLILEBAITANHEIGONGYE,MUQIANYINENGCHUBUMANZUGUOMINJINGJIFAZHANDEXUYAO,YIXIEPINZHONGYIDADAOGUOWAIXIANJINSHUIPING。DANZONGDEQINGKUANGLAIKAN,HEGUOWAIXIANJINGUOJIADESHUIPINGXIANGBIHAIYOUYIDINGCHAJU,ZHUYAOBIAOXIANZAI:PINZHONGSHAO、CHANPINZHILIANGBUGOUWENDING、JIAGEPIANGAO,CESHIYANJIUSHOUDUANBUZUDENG。

1.白炭黑的生产方法

MUQIAN,BAITANHEIANQIZHIBEIFANGFAKEFENWEIWULIFAHEHUAXUEFALIANGDALEI。YONGWULIFAZHIBEIDEBAITANHEICHANPINDANGCIBUGAO,XIANGJIAOXINGYESUOXUDEBAITANHEITIANLIAOTONGCHANGSHICAIYONGHUAXUEFASHENGCHANDE。HUAXUEFAZHUYAOBAOKUOQIXIANGFA、CHENDIANFAHELIJIEFASANZHONG。

1.QIXIANGFA

QIXIANGFASHENGCHANBAITANHEIZHUYAOSHICAIYONGGUIDELVHUAWU (SILVHUAGUIDENG) ZAIYANGQI (HUOKONGQI)HEQINGQIHUNHEQILIUZHONGJINGGAOWENSHUIJIESHENGCHENGWUDINGXINGFENMODEYIZHONGFANGFA。QIFANYINGSHIWEI:

 SiCl4 +H2+O2→SiO2· nH2O+HCl

QIZHUYAOGONGYILIUCHENGWEI:YANGQIHEQINGQIFENBIEJINGGUOJIAYA、FENLI、LENGQUETUOSHUI、GUIJIAOGANZAO、CHUCHENGUOLVHOUSONGRENHECHENGSHUIJIELU。YUANLIAOSILVHUAGUIJINGJINGLIUTAJINGLIUHOU,ZAIQIHUAQIZHONGQIHUA,YONGGANZAO、GUOLVHOUDEKONGQIWEIZAITI,SONGZHIHECHENGSHUIJIELU。ZAISHUIJIELUZHONGYUYIDINGLIANGDEQINGHEYANG(HUOKONGQI) ZAI1800℃ZUOYOUDEGAOWENXIAJINXINGQIXIANGSHUIJIE,CISHISHENGCHENGDEQIXIANGERYANGHUAGUIKELIJIXI,YUQITIXINGCHENGQIRONGJIAO,BUYIBUJU,SUOYIXIANZAIJUJIQIZHONGJUJICHENGJIAODAKELI,RANHOUJINGXUANFENGFENLIQISHOUJI,ZAISONGRENTUOSUANLU,YONGJIANXINGKONGQI(DUOWEIHANANKONGQI) CHUIQI,JIANGpHZHIDIAOZHI4~6 JIWEIQIXIANGFABAITANHEICHENGPIN。

CAIYONGZHEIZHONGFANGFA,QICHANPINLIZIDAXIAO、BIAOMIANXINGZHI、JIEGOUXINGNENGDENGZHONGYAOXINGZHIZHIJIEYUYUANLIAOQIJIH2、O2DEBILI、RANSHAOWENDU、SiO2 ZAIRANSHAOSHIZHONGTINGLIUDESHIJIANDENGYINSUYOUGUAN。

QIXIANGFAZITANHEILIJINGJIXIAO,YUEWEI15~25nm,BIBIAOMIANJIGAODA50~400m²/g,BIAOGUANMIDUHENXIAO,YUEWEI12~16g/L,GUFEIYANGXINGJIDA,JIYUNSHUHESHIYONGDOUDAILAIXUDUOBUBIAN。

MUQIANJISHENGCHANZAOLIBAITANHEI,YIZHONGCHENGWEI“TONGYONGXING”DEZITANHEI,SHIJIANGQIYASUODAOBIAOGUANMIDUYUEWEI40~60g/L, LINGYIZHONGCHENGWEI“YASHIXING”DEZITANHEI,SHIJIANGQIYASUODAOBIAOGUANMIDUWEI100~120g/L。-QIXIANGFAZITANHEIZAZHISHAO,BUQIANGSHENGHAO,DANJIAGEJIAOGAO,DUISHEBEITIAOJIANYAOQIUJIAOGAO,YUANLIAOXISHAO,CHENGBENGAO,JISHUYEXIANGDUIFUZA,XIANZHILEQIGENGGUANGFANDEYINGYONG。QIXIANGFABAI

TANHEIZHUYAOSHIYONGYUKUIXIANGJIAO,SUODECHANPINWEITOUMINGHUOBANTOUMINGZHUANG,CHANPINDEWULIJIXIEXINGNENGHEJIEDIANXINGNENGLIANGHAO,NAISHUIXINGYOUYUE,DANHUNLIANJIAOZENGYINGXIANXIANGDA,SUOYIZAIGUIXIANGJIAOJIAOLIAOZHONG,BIXUTONGSHIJIARUJIEGOUKONGZHIJICAINENGHUODELIANGHAODEGONGYIXINGNENG。

2.CHENDIANFA

ZHUDIANFANINGTANPENGPUBIANCAIYONGGUISUANYAN(ZHUYAOWEIGUISUANNA) YUWUJISUAN(TONGCHANGSHIYONGLIUSUANHUOZHEYANSUAN)ZHONGHECHENDIANFANYINGDEFANGFALAIZHIBEI,SHENGCHENGDESHUIHEERYANGHUAGUICHENDIANHOU,GENJUCHENGPINYAOQIU,ZAIGUNTONGYALVJIHUOZHEBANKUAIYALVJIZHONGJINGGUOLV、XIDICHUQUDUOYUDESHUIFENHEFANYINGFUCHANWU,DEDAOBAITANHEILVBING,ZAIJINGGUOGANZAO(TONGCHANGWEIPENWUGANZAO)DEDAOCHENGPIN,RUOJINYIBUJINXINGYANMOHUOZAOLICHULIKEDEDAOYIXILIEGUIGEDECHANPIN。QIFANYINGSHIWEI:

Na2O·nSiO2+HCl→SiO2·nH2O↓+NaCl

TONGGUOKONGZHIFANYINGGUOCHENGZHONGDEWULIAOBILI、LIULIANGJIFANYINGDEWENDU、SHIJIAN,JINGGUOLV、XIDIHEGANZAODENGHOUCHULI,KEDEDAOBUTONGBIBIAOMIANJI、LIJING、CHUNDU、XINGTAI、JIEGOUDU、KONGXIDUDEZHIPIN。

CHENDIANFABAITANHEIDESHENGCHANJISHU,SHEBEIJIANDAN,FENSANJIYIJIYUANLIAOYIDE,TOUZIGUIMOBUDA,DANNENGHAOGAO,DUIHUANJINGYAOQIUGAO,CHANPINHUOXINGBUGAO,KELIBUYIKONGZHI,QINHELICHA,BUQIANGXINGNENGDI,KELIBIAOMIANQINSHUIXINGJITUANJIANHEYANZHONG,XUERUOLECHANPINDEJIEHELI。MUQIAN,WOGUOZHUYAOYOUQINGDAOPAOHUAJIANCHANG、SHANDONGHAIHUAGONGSIBAITANHEICHANG、WUXIHENGHENGBAITANHEIGONGSI、SHANDONGLIANKEBAITANHEIGONGSI、ZHUZHOUXINGLONGHUAGONGSHIYEGONGSIYIJIQINGDAOFAGUOLUODIYAGONGSIDENGCAIYONGGAIGONGYIJINXINGSHENGCHAN。

CHENDIANFABAITANHEIDELIJINGJIAODA,YUEWEI20~40nm,CHUNDUSHAODI,BUQIANGXINGBIQIXIANGFACHA,JIAOLIAODEJIEDIANXINGNENGTEBIESHISHOUCHAOHOUDEJIEDIANXINGNENGJIAOCHA,DANJIAGEBIANYI,GONGYIXINGNENGJIAOHAO,KEDANDUYONGYUNR、SBRDENGTONGYONGJIAOZHONG,YEKEYUTANHEIBINGYONG,YIGAISHANJIAOLIAODEKANGQUNAOGUILIEXING,SHIGEKOUZENGZHANGLVJIANMAN。

3.LIJIEFA

LIJIEFAGENJUSHIYONGYUANLIAODEBUTONG,YOUKEFENWEIFEIJINSHUKUANGWUFA、HEBENKEZHIWUFAYIJIFUCHANPINHUISHOUFADENG。

<1>FEIJINSHUKUANGWUFA

FEIJINSHUKUANGLIJIEFASHIYONGPENGRUNTU、GAOLINGTU、GUIHUISHI、GUIZAOTU、HAIPAOSHI、SHEWENSHI、MEIKUANGSHI、AOTUBANGTU、FENMEIHUI、GAOYINGSHI、HUANGLINKUANGDENGYUANLIAOLAIZHIQUBAITANHEI。

(1)LIYONGGAOLINGTUSHENGCHANBAITANHEI GAOLINGTUZHIQUBAITANHEIDEFANGFASHIJIANGGAOLINGTUKUANGYUSHUIPEICHENGXUANFUYE,GANZAOHOUFENSUI,BEISHAO,ZAIYONGSHUIYULIUSUANPEICHENGZHILIANGFENSHUWEI50%DELIUSUAN,JIARUKUANGFENJINXINGFANYING。FANYINGWANCHENGHOUYONGSHUIXISHI,ZAIGUOLV。JIANGLVBINGFANGRUFANYINGQIZHONG,JIARUXIXIAOSUANRONGYE,ZAIJIAOBANXIASHENGWENDAO60~80℃FANYING1h。GUOLV,LVBINGYONGSHUIXIDIZHIZHONGXING,JINGGANZAO、BEISHAO、LENGQUEHOUFENSUIJIDEDAOBAITANHEI。QICHANPINZHILIANGKEDADAOGANFASHENGCHANDEBIAOZHUN,ERSHEBEIJIJISHUBISHIFAGENGWEIJIANDAN,CHENGBENGENGDI;QIYUANLIAOFENGFU,JIAGEDILIAN;JIBENWU“SANFEI”PAIFANG,YOULIYUHUANJINGBAOHU。WEILETIGAOBAITANHEIDECHANLV,YEKEYIJIANGGAOLINGTUYUANLIAOXIANDUANSHAOHOUZAISHIYONG。

(2)LIYONGGUIZAOTUSHENGCHANBAITANHEI GUIZAOTUZHIBEIBAITANHEIDEFANGFASHIJIANGDANBAITU(SHI)HUOGUIZAOTUKUANGFENYUSHAOJIANZAIJIARETIAOJIANXIAFANYINGSHENGCHANGUISUANNA,RANHOUJIANGFANYINGCHANWUGUOLVCHUQUCANZHA,JIARUNAYAN,JIASHUIDIAODAOHESHINONGDU,YONGSUANZHONGHE,JIANGCIFANYINGWUCHENHUA、GUOLV、XIDI、JIANDAN、DANWEICHANPINNENGHAOJISHENGCHANCHENGBENDIDENGYOUDIAN。

(3)LIYONGPENGRUNTUSHENGCHANBAITANHEI PENGRUNTUZHUYAOCHENGFENMENGTUOSHIDEHUAXUESHIWEIAl2O3·4SiO2·3H2O。MENGTUOSHISHOUREHOUZAIHUOHUAJIZUOYONGXIACENGZHUANGJIEGOUYIBEIPOHUAI,YOUJINGTAIGUIZHUANBIANWEIJUYOUHUOXINGDEFEIJINGTAIERYANGHUAGUI(SiO2·nH2O)。PENGRUNTUJINGHUOHUACHULIDENGYIXILIEBIYAODEJIAGONGGUOCHENGBIANKEZHIJIEDEDAOCHUNDUJIAOGAODEBAITANHEI。YONGPENGRUNTUZHIJIEZHIBEIDEBAITANHEIJINGXIANGJIAOYANJIUDANWEIPEIFANGYANJIUHEXIANGJIAOCHANGSHENGCHANYINGYONG,ZHUYAOJISHUZHIBIAODADAOCHENDIANFABAITANHEIXINGYEBIAOZHUN(HG/T3061—2009)。GAIFAFUJIAZHIDA,FUCHANPINKEZUOWEIJINGSHUIJI,CHENGBENYUANDIYUCHUANTONGGONGYI,YINCISHIYITIAOBIJIAOKEXINGDEXINFANGFA。YIPENGRUNTUWEIZHUYAOYUANLIAOSHENGCHANBAITANHEIDESHENGCHANGONGYIXINYINGXIANJIN,LIUCHENGHELI,DINENGHAO,YUANLIAOJIAGEDILIANYIDE,SHIGUOJIAGULIKAIFADEGUOJIAJIZHONGDIANXINCHANPIN。DICHENGBENDEBAITANHEIZAICAISE、QIANSEXIANGJIAOZHIPINDEBUQIANGFANGMIANYOUJIAGEYOUSHI。GAICHANPINJUYOUXIALIETEDIAN。

1.ZAIXIANGJIAOJIAGONGGONGYIGUOCHENGZHONGFEIYANGSHAO,CHIJIAOKUAI,SHENGREDI,BUTUOGUN,YIHUNLIAN。

2.JIAREJIANLIANGDI,LIYUJIAOLIAOCHUCUN。YONGPENGRUNTUZHIBEIBAITANHEINENGHAOZHIYOUCHENDIANFA(SUANZHONGHESHUIBOLI)DE1/5,YUANCAILIAOXIAOHAOCHENGBENZHIWEICHENDIANFADE1/3,YUCHENDIANFASHENGCHANDEBAITANHEIXIANGBIMEIDUNCHENGBENDI1000~2000YUAN。

(4)LIYUGUIHUISHISHENGCHANBAITANHEI GUIHUISHI[CaSiO3HUOCa(Si3O9)]WEILIANZHUANGPIANGUISUANYANKUANGWU,QIZHONGPIANGUISUANGAICHUNDUKEDA94%YISHANG,ZAZHISHAO,BURONGYUYANSUAN,SHIZHIBEIBAITANHEIDELIXIANGYUANLIAO。YIKUANGWUZHIWEIGUIYUANZHIBEIBAITANHEI,QIJISHUGUANJIANSHIJIANGJIEJINGDEERYANGHUAGUIHEGUISUANYANZHUANBIANCHENGWEIFEIJINGTAIDEERYANGHUAGUI。YIGUIHUISHIWEIGUIYUANZHIBEIBAITANHEIZHUYAOGONGYISHIYIGUIHUISHIYUANLIAO,JINGGUOXILIUSUANSUANJIE、CHENDIAN、SHUIXI、GANZAO、FENSUIERZHIDECHANPIN。DANGRAN,ZHIBEIZHONGXUJIARUSHILIANGWUJIHEYOUJIZHUJI。GAIFANGFASHENGCHANDEBAITANHEIWEIFENMOZHUANG,WEIGAOBIBIAOMIANJIDUOKONGERYANGHUAGUI,JUYOUERYANGHUAGUIHANLIANGHEZHUOSHAOJIANLIANGDI、WUFEIQIPAICHUDENGYOUDIAN。

(5)LIYONGNIANTUSHENGCHANBAITANHEI YONGNIANTUKUANGWUDUANSHAOZHUANHUAYEKEZHIBEIBAITANHEI。YONGDUANSHAOZHUANHUAFANYINGGONGYIZHIBEIBAITANHEI,ZHUYAOJIEJUEYONGNIANTUKUANGWUBUJINGSHUIBOLIZHUANGTAIZHIJIEZHIBEIDEBAITANHEIDEBAIDUHEFEIJINGZHITEXINGCHADEWENTI。GAIFANGFADEGONGYIBUZHOUWEI:

1.JIANGNIANTUKUANGWUYUGUTIFANYINGJIANZHILIANGBILI1:(3~5)PEILIAO,FENSUIZHILIDUXIAOYU100MU,ZAIWENDU360~750℃XIADUANSHAO0.5hYISHANG;

2.JIASHUIRONGJIEDUANSHAOCHANWU;

3.GUOLV,CONGLVYEZHONGDEDAOHANLVDEYAN,LVBINGJINGXIDI、HONGGANHOUDEDAOBAITANHEI。

(6)LIYONGGAOYINGSHISHENGCHANBAITANHEI GAOYINGSHIYEKEZHIQUBAITANHEI。JIANGGAOYINGSHIJIANFENJIE,FENJIECHANWUSHUIJINFENLICHUGAOJIANDUGUISUANNARONGYE,SHUIJINCHENDIANWUSUANZHUANHUADEGUISUAN(JIAO)。JIANGGAOJIANGUISUANNARONGYEYUGUISUANHUNRONG,JINGZHONGHECHENDIAN、GUOLVXIDI、GANZAOHEFENSUIERZHIBEIBAITANHEI。GAIFANGFAJUYOUGONGYIJIANDAN、SHEBEITOUZISHAO、YUANCAILIAOXIAOHAOHECHENGBENDIDENGYOUDIAN,SHIZHIBEIBAITANHEI、JIEJUEGAOYINGSHISHENGCHANGAOHUAXUEPINGUOCHENGZHONGDESHENGTAIXUEHEHUANJINGGONGYIWENTIDEZUIJINGJIHEYOUXIAODEFANGFA。

(7)LIYONGMEIGANSHISHENGCHANBAITANHEI YONGMEIGANSHIYEKEZHIQUBAITANHEI。YONGMEIGANSHISHENGCHANHUOXINGBAITANHEIDEDIYIBUSHISHENGCHANGUISUANNA,GONGYIGUOCHENGSHIFENSUIMEIGANSHIYUCHUNJIANHUNLIAO(HUNLIAOZHILIANGBIWEI1:50),JINGGAOWENYERONG、SHUICUI、JINRONGJISUOHEDEGUISUANNA;DIERBUSHIJIANGSHUIBOLIRONGYESONGRUFANYINGQI,JINGGUOFANYINGHOU,GUOLV、XIDI、GANZAODECHENGPINHUOXINGBAITANHEI。GAIFANGFABIANFEIQIMEIGANSHIWEIYOUYONGDEHUOXINGBAITANHEI,TOUZISHAO、FUJIAZHIGAO。

YONGFEIJINSHUKUANGZHIBEIDEBAITANHEIZHONGHANSHAOLIANGFEIJINSHUKUANGCHENGFEN。SHAOLIANGFEIJINSHUKUANGCHENGFENYUBAITANHEIZUCHENGDEBAITANHEI/FEIJINSHUKUANGFUHETIANLIAO,BUJINJUYOUBAITANHEI、FEIJINSHUKUANGGEZIDEGONGNENG,ERQIEJUYOULIANGHAODEXIETONGXIAOYING,KETUOKUANCAISE、QIANSEHUAXIANGJIAOZHIPINTIANLIAODELINGYU。WOGUOFEIJINSHUKUANGZIYUANFEICHANGFENGFU,ZAIZHONGDUOFEIJINSHUKUANGDEKAIFALIYONGGUOCHENGZHONG,ZAIXUDUOFEIJINGTAIERYANGHUAGUIWEIBEIHENHAOLIYONG,CHONGFENKAIFAZHEIXIEGUIZHIZIYUANSHITIGAOZIYUANLIYONGLVJIJINGJIXIAOYI、JIANSHAOHUANJINGWURANDEYOUXIAOTUJING。

<2>HEBENKEZHIWUFA

LIYONGDAOQIAO、GUQIAOHUIWEIYUANLIAOSHENGCHANDEBAITANHEIJIEYUCHENDIANFAHEQIXIANGFAZHIJIAN。TADECHENGBENHESUANBUDANYUANYUANDIYUQIXIANGFA,ERQIEYEDIYUCHENDIANFA,CHANPINZHILIANGGAOYUCHENDIANFA,JIEJINQIXIANGFA。YIBINWULIANGYEJITUANJINGXIHUAGONGYOUXIANGONGSISHIMUQIANGUONEIYIJIAYONGZHIWUFASHENGCHANBAITANHEIDECHANGJIA。

<3>FUCHANPINHUISHOUFA

YONGHUANGLINLUZHA、FUGUISUANNA、MEIHUI、LINFEICHANGFUCHANPINSIFUHUAGUI、SHENGCHANJINGSHUIJIDEFEIZHA、FEIGUIRONGJIAODENGYEKEYIZHIBEIBAITANHEI。

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